Organic farmers employ lots of techniques to improve their soil. They use compost and manure, rotate their crops and grow many kinds of plants. They do use pesticides, but only certain ones (mostly non-synthetic, with a few approved synthetics), and often only when other pest-control methods fail.
But plenty of conventional farmers do a lot of those things, too. When you pony up the extra money to buy organic produce, are you supporting environmental benefits?
We don’t have data about soil health or environmental pollution (in the form of soil erosion, nutrient runoff or greenhouse gases) that allows us to comprehensively assess all organic and conventional acreage and say whether one type or the other is doing better, but scientists all over the country are working on comparisons, so we do have something to go on.
Go on that, and you find that, yes, organic agriculture — which for purposes of this discussion means farming certified as adhering to rigorous standards defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture — has some important environmental benefits.
Three important materials in organic farming:
Get local resources for a minimal cost like wood chips that normally dumped after. A well decomposed wood chips would create a good fungal rich compost and a good source of carbon.
Composted chicken manure is a good nitrogen source
You can add rock dust to the soil equals fertile soil for a higher yields and less disease
By combining all these three materials in a compost and it’s done spreads it on yields to add fertility.
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